Dairy and Diabetes

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is one of the most widespread chronic diseases in the United States today. The key risk factors for developing T2D are a poor diet and lack of physical activity. The management and prevention of T2D is not only a public health priority, but also a personal priority for many people. One strategy for prevention is eating a nutritious and well-balanced diet, which can include dairy products 

A growing body of research indicates that dairy food consumption is associated with multiple health benefits, and a 2016 review concluded that high- to moderate-quality evidence indicates dairy foods are associated with a lower risk for T2D. 

According to the Joslin Diabetes Center Clinical Nutrition Guidelines, dairy foods are listed as recommended options for good sources of protein and carbohydrates for those who are at high risk of developing T2D and those living with T2D. In addition, the Joslin guidelines specifically mention yogurt and dairy products as foods that have been shown to be associated with a reduced risk of developing T2D in some studies. 

  • What to Know: Dairy and Type 2 Diabetes

    Dairy food consumption is linked to lower risk for type 2 diabetes.

    Overview of the Science
  • Joslin Diabetes Center Clinical Nutrition Guidelines

    Guidelines for overweight and obese adults with type 2 diabetes, prediabetes or those at high risk for developing type 2 diabetes

    View & Download Guidelines
  • Science Summary: Dairy in Healthy Eating Plans

    Dairy foods, such as milk, cheese and yogurt, are foundational foods included in multiple eating patterns

    VIEW & Download Summary

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