Dairy Facts

Have you ever wondered how many pounds of milk are needed to make one pound of cheese? Find the answer to this and other dairy questions in our dairy facts. Impress friends and family with your dairy knowledge.
  • Holstein is the most common dairy breed in the United States.
  • Cows have four compartments in their stomach.
  • It takes ten pounds of milk to make one pound of cheese.
  • A glass of milk has 300 milligrams of calcium in it.
  • A young female dairy animal is called a heifer.
  • A cow produces over 2,400 gallons of milk each year.
  • Cows have 32 teeth.
  • A mature Holstein cow weighs about 1,400 pounds.
  • A cow chews her cud up to eight hours each day.
  • The bushy tip of a cow’s tail is called a switch.
  • Cheddar cheese is the most widely purchased and consumed cheese in the world.
  • Milk provides nine essential nutrients including: calcium, potassium, phosphorus, protein, vitamin D, vitamin A, vitamin B12, riboflavin and niacin. 
  • The average heifer is usually two years old when she has her first calf.
  • The Pilgrims brought the first cows to America.
  • It takes about 340 squirts of milk to fill a milk pail.
  • Cows create their milk in their udder.
  • The average cow produces over 500,000 glasses of milk in her lifetime.
  • Teens need three servings of dairy products every day.

For More Information

Want to know more about dairy products and the people who produce them? Visit DairyFarmingToday.org to learn how modern farm families care for their animals and protect the land, while producing delicious, wholesome milk.

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